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About KOREA

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Geographical and Topographical Features

The Korean Peninsula (lat. 33˚ - 43˚; long. 124˚ - 132˚) lies in the middle of Northeast Asia with China to its west and Japan to its east. The peninsula is 950km long longitudinally and 540km wide latitudinally, and has a total area of 223,405㎢, of which Republic of Korea occupies about 100,284㎢. The peninsula is predominantly mountainous, with flat land accountingfor only 30% of the entire territory. Mountains over 1,000m above sea level make up only 15% of the mountainous areas, while mountains lower than 500m account for 65%.

Republic of Korea Overview

topography
Country Name: Republic of Korea
Capital City: Seoul (since 1394)
National Anthem: Aegukga
National Flag: Taegeukgi
National Flower: Mugunghwa (Rose of Sharon)
Language: Korean; Hangeul
Land Size: 223,405㎢ (including North Korea)
South Korea only: 100,284㎢
Geographical Location:
The Korean Peninsula (lat. 33˚ ~ 43˚; long. 124˚ ~ 132˚)
Standard Time: 9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time
Population: 51.33 million (2013)
Political System: Free democracy; Presidential system
President: Park Geun-hye (since 2013)

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People

Population
51.52 million (South Korea) (2015)
* Cities by Population :
Seoul(10 million)
Busan (3.5 million), Incheon (2.9 million),
Daegu (2.5 million), Daejeon (1.5 million),
Gwangju (1.5 million), Ulsan (1.2 million) (2015)
Median Age
39.9 years (2015)
Economically Active Population
26.7 million (2015)
Population Increase Rate
0.42% (2015)
Life Expectancy
Male, 77 years; female, 83.8 years (2009)
Religion
A 2005 census showed one half of the population
practice religion. Among them, 10,726,463 Buddhists,
8,616,438 Protestants, and 5,146,147 Catholics comprise
the three dominant religions.

Government

Political System
Republic with a president elected to a single 5-year term
by direct popular vote. division of power among the
executive, legislature (unicameral National Assembly),
and judiciary branches
President
Park Geun-Hye since 2013
Suffrage
Universal at 19 years of age
Elections
Presidential: every 5 years
National Assembly: every 4 years
Local Government: every 4 years

Economy

Gross Domestic Product
US$ 1,321 billion (2016)
Per Capita GNI
US$ 27,340 (2015)
GDP Growth Rate: 2.6%
Foreign Exchange Reserves: US$ 371 billion (2015)
Exports
US$527 billion (2015)
Imports
US$436 billion (2015)
Major Industrial Products
Semiconductors, automobiles, ships, consumer electronics,
mobile telecommunications, equipment,
steel, and chemicals.